Soviet Culture and Power, edited by Katerina Clark, Evgeny Dobrenko, Andrei Artizov, and Oleg V. Naumov
Soviet Culture and Power: A History in Documents, 1917-1953
Edited by Katerina Clark, Evgeny Dobrenko, Andrei Artizov, and Oleg V. Naumov
Translated from the Russian by Marian Schwartz
Yale University Press, 2007
Leaders of the Soviet Union, Stalin chief among them, well understood the power of art, and their response was to attempt to control and direct it in every way possible. This book examines Soviet cultural politics from the Revolution to Stalin's death in 1953. Drawing on a wealth of newly released documents from the archives of the former Soviet Union, the book provides remarkable insight on relations between Gorky, Pasternak, Babel, Meyerhold, Shostakovich, Eisenstein, and many other intellectuals, and the Soviet leadership. Stalin's role in directing these relations, and his literary judgments and personal biases, will astonish many.
The documents presented in this volume reflect the progression of Party control in the arts. They include decisions of the Politburo, Stalin's correspondence with individual intellectuals, his responses to particular plays, novels, and movie scripts, petitions to leaders from intellectuals, and secret police reports on intellectuals under surveillance. Introductions, explanatory materials, and a biographical index accompany the documents.
"Clark and Dobrenko not only provide a careful and creatively organized selection of documents but also, in their commentary, a concise and incisive analysis of Soviet cultural history."—Carol Avins, Rutgers University
"To have these documents in one place, and accessible for students in English with detailed explanations and commentary, is nothing less than a small miracle. Beg, buy or borrow this wonderful book if you care about Russian culture."—Jeffrey Brooks, author of Thank You, Comrade Stalin! Soviet Public Culture from Revolution to Cold War
"Joseph Stalin famously described Soviet writers as 'engineers of human souls.' This remarkable collection of documents, laden with comedy and sheer stupidity as well as calculated repression, chronicles the Bolshevik government's effort to control all cultural institutions and creative individuals. This is a story of compelling interest not only for Sovietologists but for anyone who wants to know what happens when a government treats culture as a long-term engineering project."—Susan Jacoby, author of Freethinkers: A History of American Secularism
"Throws a bright light on the party's torturous dealings with writers and on the inevitable conflict between art and propaganda. Perhaps the book's biggest surprise is its revelation of Stalin as literary critic. Despite his onerous responsibilities as party chief, dictator and head of state, no detail seems to have been too small for Stalin's eagle eye—a backhanded compliment if ever there was one to the awesome power of the written word."—Michael Scammell, author of Solzhenitsyn: A Biography
"One of the best reads in Yale's excellent Annals of Communism series. Even nonliterary specialists will have fun with the various styles of petitions to Iosif Stalin as practiced by Boris Pasternak, Mikhail Bulgakov, Mikhail Zoshchenko, Evgenii Zamiatin, and the rest, not to mention the surprising twists and turns of Stalin's own literary career as a close reader of texts. But the volume offers not only entertainment but also serious food for thought. . . . This important book, edited by two world-class literary scholars and containing a wealth of new archival documents, will be a great boon for scholars and graduate students in Soviet history and twentieth-century Russian literature. Advanced undergraduates could handle it as well: it will become a key text in my undergraduate course, 'Soviet History from the Archives.'"—Sheila Fitzpatrick, Slavic Review
"This latest addition to the publisher's Annals of Communism is a documents collection focusing on the Soviet regime's intervention in cultural matters, especially during the Stalin era. . . . One of the volume's great strengths is the editors' agility in organizing this fascinating collection of documents and allowing them to speak for themselves with a minimum of commentary. Highly recommended."—Choice
"A valuable collection of primary sources. . . . Fascinating."—Susan N. Smith, The Russian Review
"Soviet Culture and Power is a groundbreaking work that provides access to significant archival materials for a population that might never have been able to read and analyze these documents."—Cynthia A. Ruder, Slavic and East European Journal
"A significant scholarly contribution to the cultural history of Stalinism."—Susan Morrissey, Slavonic And East European Review Vol.88 No.4
- Slavic Review
- Russian Review
- Slavic and East European Journal
- Slavic and East European Review
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